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3 Questions to Ask Your Hygienist Before Periodontal Treatment
If the dentist has determined that you have gum disease, then you would need to undergo periodontal treatment. The hygienist provides basic treatment (root planing and scaling) for gum disease. Ahead of your appointment, you may have worries and question about the treatment. In this article, you will discover some vital questions to ask the hygienist before undergoing periodontal treatment.
Questions to ask the hygienist
When the patient goes in for treatment, they can ask the dental expert the following question:
What causes periodontal disease?
To adequately treat and prevent gum disease, it is necessary to gain information about the common causes of the condition. Periodontal disease simply refers to any oral health issue affecting the gums. Periodontal disease is usually caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth, which can cause redness, infection, or inflammation.
The mouth is home to many bacteria. These bacteria feed on the food debris left inside the mouth to form sticky plaques on the teeth. Regular brushing and flossing can remove plaque. If plaques are not removed, they harden into tartar that cannot be cleaned by brushing. Only the dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar during a professional cleaning.
Some factors can predispose people to a higher risk of gum disease, but smoking is the most prevalent. Smoking can also hamper gum disease treatment. Other risk factors include diabetes, medications that cause dry mouth, hormonal changes in women, certain illnesses (such as AIDS), and genetics.
What are the different types of periodontal disease?
Periodontal treatment options depend on the type of gum disease affecting the patient. The two main types are gingivitis and periodontitis. If gingivitis is not treated on time, it will eventually worsen into periodontitis.
What does periodontal treatment entail?
Periodontal treatment targets all the symptoms that are related to gum disease. The dentist will recommend minimally invasive treatments: Deep cleaning (including scaling and root planing) performed by the dental hygienist for patients with deep gum pockets and chronic gum disease. When these options are not effective to get rid of the disease, the patient may need to undergo oral surgery.
During the procedure, the hygienist will clean plaque and tartar along and beneath the gums. These areas are usually inaccessible with brushing or flossing.
This procedure involves cleaning the roots of the tooth with dental tools or laser. This will eliminate rough spots where bacteria tend to gather. This procedure gets rids of bacteria that can cause severe gum issues.
The dentist will recommend an antibiotic to curb infection and an over-the-counter painkiller to relieve pain. Additional follow-up appointments will be needed to ensure healing, complete removal of bacteria, and ensure optimal oral health.
The primary aim of the treatment is to curb the infection. The method of treatment varies, depending on the severity of the gum disease. After periodontal treatment, patients must maintain good oral care at home. The dentist may also recommend lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation to improve the chances of treatment success.
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